What is laporoscopic gallbladder surgery?

Laporoscopic gallbladder surgery is the surgical removal of the gallbladder and gallstones via small incisions made in the lower abdomen. The procedure is for patients who are experiencing pain and discomfort from the presence and build-up of gallstones. Gall stones are solid particles which from from the solidification of bile cholesterol and bilirubin in the gallbladder. In order to check for the presence of gall stones, the physician may first decide to order an intraoperative cholangiography, which is an x-ray procedure enabling him/her to get a better picture prior to proceeding with surgery.
The surgery itself requires a general anesthetic, typically lasting for about 2 hours. As such, the surgery is performed at an in-patient facility and patients usually stay for 1-2 days for observation. The procedure is a common one and is considered low-risk. The large majority of patients make a full recovery and experience no prolonged side-effects of living without a gallbladder.